Meningitis simply is inflammation of the tissues covering the brain and spinal cord (the arachnoid and pia matter) usually caused by bacteria and viruses, even though fungi and parasites too do cause it.
Mode of Transmission
When an infected person sneezes or coughs, without covering the nose or mouth, droplets from the person may contain the streptococcus pneumoniae. Now, when persons close to him inhales the surrounding air, they are likely to breathe in the bacteria and this then proceedes to cause the disease.
1. Always cover your mouth and or nose when coughing or sneezing.
A. Cough in to a tissue
B. Use your elbow to cover when sneezing
2. Avoid over crowded places
3. Clean, Dress and Cover wounds, esp head injuries
4. Report early to the hospital if any of below symptoms are experienced.
5. Ensure children are vaccinated with complete doses of BCG vaccine.
6. Ensure adequate diet/nutrition especially in children
7. Infected persons should comply with treatment regimen.
Symptoms of Pneumococcal Meningitis
1. Fever (High body temperature)
2. Stiff neck
3. Seizures (involuntary twitching of muscles)
4. Severe headache
5. General body weakness
6. Nausea and vomiting
9. Increase heart rate
10. Memory changes
11. Short attention span
Let’s Help Prevent and Control Pneumococcal Meningitis.